NCTS (South)


DATE2019-04-08

TIME12:10

PLACER49223, Second Physics Building , NCKU

FIELDQuantum Information Science

SPEAKER Dr. Adam Iaizzi - 台灣大學物理系

TITLEAccessing quantum criticality with magnetic field effects: metamagnetism and deconfinement

ABSTRACTSimple models of interacting quantum spins (like the Heisenberg model) are remarkable tools for understanding strong quantum fluctuations, but relatively few studies have considered the effects of external magnetic fields on these systems. I investigate the influence of magnetic fields in the J-Q model, an antiferromagnetic Heisenberg model with an added 4-spin interaction (Q). This model is known to harbor a direct, continuous phase transition between the Nel state and a valence-bond solid. This transition is believed to be an example of deconfined quantum criticality, where the excitations are exotic fractionalized particles known as spinons (S=1/2 bosons). We study the thermodynamics of the excitations and find direct evidence that they are indeed fractional. Separately, we also find that the four-spin term changes the nature of the saturation transition from "zero-scale-factor" universality to metamagnetism (magnetization jumps).